Load Bearing Walls
I have 2 closets side by side and they are separated by a load bearing wall. I'm wanting to knock the wall out and make it into one big closet but I don't know what to do with this load bearing wall. I've heard horror stories about making adjustments to load bearing walls. If you could give me some insight on how to take down a load bearing wall or another suggestion it would be greatly appreciated. Please remember I'm pretty much a novice at remodeling.
DH from Richardson, TX
You are correct… care must always be taken when working with a load bearing wall. However, most load bearing walls are purposely over-engineered, meaning that they are built to take loads way beyond what they will probably ever have to bear. That said, minor changes to them can be made without compromising safety provided that the change is done in such a way that the strength is returned to the wall. For example, to install a window into a load bearing exterior wall you must install additional vertical supports along the edges of the window to support a strong horizontal support, or header. The header transfers the weight from above to the outer edges of the window frame.
This situation is probably similar to yours. If you remove this wall, you will probably have to install a header or beam across the top of the ceiling to restore the wall's strength. The two questions I can't answer are 1) whether you need to install temporary supports or "jacks" on the ceiling to hold it up while you install the beam… also known as "shoring"… and 2) the exact design and load carrying ability of the new beam. If the wall you are taking down has other support such as adjacent walls, you may not need any shoring during construction". In many homes, some so-called partition walls that are adjacent to load bearing walls actually become bearing walls over time as the house settles and shifts. Then again, if there is a heavy AC unit above or if you are on the ground floor with lots of weight above, the issue becomes even more complicated.
There are some great construction books that deal with this issue and contain charts of acceptable loads and beam types. One that has a good description of shoring and also beam/span information is "Renovation, A Complete Guide" by Michael W. Litchfield.
Have a small home repair question for THE NATURAL HANDYMAN? Just click here www.naturalhandyman.com/aitikia
For more home repair information, visit NH's growing list of original home repair articles and quality links www.naturalhandyman.com
If this information has been valuable to you, please consider making a small donation to support NH's free service to the home repair community! For more information, please visit our "Friends" page www.naturalhandyman.com/friends
The Natural Handyman Site Directory
- Home Repair Articles www.naturalhandyman.com/iip
- Home Repair Links Library www.naturalhandyman.com/linkslibrary
- NH's Bookshop www.naturalhandyman.com/bookshop
- Find a handyman at www.naturalhandyman.com/network
- Win unique home repair gifts and prizes at www.naturalhandyman.com/contest
Please read the important copyright and disclaimer information is located at www.naturalhandyman.com/copyright
Also in Home
- DIY backyard waterfall
- Painting a basement floor
- Make your own laundry detergent
- Do-it-yourself home remodeling on the cheap
- Simple steps to lower your water and sewer bills
- Decorating with yard sale finds
- Managing your mortgage
- The cheapskate's guide to flooring
- 5 ways your house can make you go broke
- 5 simple and affordable luxuries for your home
- Does staging really raise a home's price?
- 6 energy-saving projects for your home
- The right way and wrong way to pay down your mortgage
- 6 cheap, effective home security solutions
- How much equity can you cash out of your home?
- 6 home projects that don't pay for themselves
- Should I refinance my home equity line?