Starting seeds the frugal way
Frugal Seed Starters
by Nannette Richford
How to Start and Grow Plants from Seedlings
Gardening on a Dime
Gardening for (Almost) Nothing
The gardener's yearly urge to "dig in the dirt" doesn't give you an excuse to dig into your savings to buy a host of new garden supplies. Mini-greenhouses, seed starting trays, and other fancy seed-starting products may be tempting, but frugal gardeners know that spending money on these products isn't necessary. With a little effort, you can create your own seed-starting supplies at a fraction of the cost.
Making Newspaper Pots
Make seed-starting pots with recycled newspapers to avoid the cost of plant pots. Cut or tear the newspaper into four-inch strips and stack them into individual piles three to four layers thick. Lay a clean soup or juice can on top of the newspaper strips so that one inch of the strip extends below the bottom of the can. Roll the paper around the can and secure the overlap with tape. Fold the ends toward the bottom of the can, overlapping as necessary. Tape the ends in place and remove the can. This creates a seed starting pot for your seeds. When planting time comes, simply plant the seedling, pot and all.
Making your own mini greenhouse isn't difficult and can be accomplished with recycled materials. Save deli containers or ask friends and neighbors to save them for you. Containers from cakes, pastry or party platters work best, as they typically contain a large dome. Small sandwich containers or those from some fast-food restaurants work, too.
Fill the bottom of the container with soil or fill a shallow container slightly smaller than the plastic dome, and plant seeds as directed on the seed packet. Cover with the plastic dome to keep soil moist and prevent evaporation. Mini greenhouses speed germination and make keeping the soil moist a bit easier. Check the soil often and spray lightly if the soil begins to dry. If excessive moisture builds up, or you notice signs of green mold on the soil, open the cover for several hours. This allows moisture to escape and improves aeration. Covers should be removed once seedlings germinate to allow for air circulation.
Making Seed Tapes
You've probably seen seed tapes designed to roll out over the soil, but couldn't justify the added expense of purchasing these pre-sown seeds. The good news is that you can make them yourself for pennies. Cut a section of paper towels to the desired size. Commercial brown towels work best, but any paper towel will do. For a single row of seeds, cut the paper towels in four-inch wide strips in the length you desire. For wider areas, you may wish to use the entire width of the towel. For areas larger than the width of the towel, it is best to make separate seed tapes and then lay them down in the desired pattern at planting time.
Determine the proper seed spacing for the type of seeds you are planting. You can find this information on the back of the seed packet. Measure and mark the seed placement on the paper towel.
Place a small dab of white craft or school glue on each marked point. Position one seed on each dot of glue. Allow the glue to dry completely. Roll the seed tape up and store in a dark, dry place until planting time.
To plant, simply roll the seed tape out in the desired location and cover lightly with soil. Most small seeds require soil to a depth of 1/8 to 1/4 inch while medium seeds may require a depth of 1/2 inch. Refer to the seed packet if you are not sure of the planting depth. Water to moisten the seed tape and keep it moist until seedlings appear. Seed tapes work best with small to medium seeds.
- Buy a large container of peat moss and mix it with perlite to make you own seed starter.
- Check discount stores for inexpensive seeds. Some large companies customarily sell seed packets returned from retail stores, or those with damaged packaging, at a deep discount.
- Watch for end-of-the-season sales and buy next year's seeds in the fall. Most seeds continue to germinate well for several years.
- Swap seeds with a friend or neighbor. Seed packets often contain more than you can use. By swapping seeds with neighbors, you can get several varieties for the price of one seed packet.
- Store unused seeds in a cool, dark place.
- Always label seeds with both the variety and the date before storing. Although many thrive for several years, the germination rate decreases with each year. Typically, seeds remain viable for three to five years, if stored properly.
Nannette Richford is an avid gardener and nature enthusiast who lives in rural Maine. Richford enjoys writing on a variety of topics to enrich the lives of others.
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