How to avoid the high cost and the chemicals of dry-cleaning
Cleaning Down-Filled Clothes and Bedding
TDS Reader Contributors
Can I Do It Myself?
Dear Frugal Folks,
Does anyone have experience washing down-filled clothing such as jackets, parkas, vests at home? I would like to avoid the high cost and the chemicals of dry-cleaning. Any advice for safely cleaning down-filled clothes and bedding would be appreciated.
Anna W. in Grande Prairie, Alberta
LL Bean's Advice
In washing down filled items wash on the gentle cycle, but when it comes to drying remember that it takes a very long time! I bought LL Bean jackets for my children...after going thru the normal dryer cycle, I thought they were dry, they appeared dry. The down was settled at the bottom of the jackets though, so I thought the jackets were useless and I called LL Bean for advice. They told me to dry the jackets on low heat all day long. The down needs to dry out well, and when it does *then* the down will be evenly distributed through-out the jacket. I did as I was told, I was doubtful, but sure enough it worked! LLBean did say that using a commercial dryer would work faster.
Use Your Washer
I have sucessfully washed many down filled items, in my washer at home. The first thing to remember is these items do take more time, and a certain amount of special care, when doing them yourself.
Start with the large setting/gentle cycle on your washer, and ALWAYS use cold water, for both the wash and rinse cycles. It may be better to wash a couple of jackets or vests at the same time, as the down-filled items do have a tendancy to become quite heavy, when wet, and will often cause your washer to become "unbalanced". Then your washer will "walk" across the floor ( believe me on this one)
Use a good cold water wash type detergent, like Woolite®, or a generic store brand. One which has a nice fragrance and is safe for silk. You may want to use some to spot clean any particuraly dirty areas, like cuffs or elbows. When washing, be sure to squish the jacket under the water, until it is submersed under the water, remember the down causes the jacket to float. If it does this your jacket will just float around on top of the water, and will not get clean.
When drying you will need to use the lower heat setting on your dryer, you must dry them in a dryer, air drying will not give you the desired results. Put several (3-4) clean tennis balls in the dryer with the jackets, and dry for about 45-60 min. The tennis balls help to fluff-up the down in the jacket, so you won't have lumps and thick areas. Be sure to check jackets/vests occasionally, and make sure that sleeves are still outside the jacket, and the tennis balls aren't tangle up in the pockets or sleeves. (this happens, trust me)
This is a bit time consuming but, well worth the savings of a dry cleaner. Remember this is a laundry project to do when you have the time to pay attention to your jackets. Don't just put them in a washer or dryer, and leave them. I hope this helps someone, and you may want to experiment on an older jacket or vest, if you are unsure what the results may be. But I have used it and have been very happy with the results.
Down filled clothing, sleeping bags etc. cannot be washed with regular detergents as they stick to the feathers, and the down loses its "loft", which is the air fluffiness that traps the warmth. You should wash these items in a front loading machine so that the blades in your machine do not mash up the garment/sleeping bag. There are commercial detergents available specifically for down, called down-suds, or down-wash (by Nikwax), about $7 in Canada, that will preserve the integrity of the feathers. One bottle will wash 2 down sleeping bags, or several jackets etc. It is worth using the correct detergent or your down will be ruined (why buy expensive, long lasting clothes if you don't care for them?).
On multiple occasions, I have successfully washed down filled clothing (the kind with nylon shells) using Woolite® and warm to cold water. Fill the washer and add the Woolite®. It's hard to get a down coat completely wet, as the air pockets in the down make it keep popping up. Keep working at it to get it as wet as you can. Run it partway through the cycle and then turn the machine off to let it soak awhile. Later, complete the cycle. It might be a good idea when it's done to run it through again without any detergent at all to make sure it's rinsed very well. Place in a dryer on the AIR setting. You don't want any heat here. Place a clean tennis shoe, or 1-2 clean tennis balls in with the coat and turn it on. My dryer had a time setting for the AIR cycle, so I'd set it for an hour, check the coat, do another hour, check, etc. until it was dry. The shoe/balls are essential for fluffing the down.
I have done this only with coats. I have a down comforter and was advised by the company that supplied the fabric (I made it from a kit) that washing it would remove the down-proof treatment on the fabric, so although the fabric appeared to be washable judging by the fiber content, it was not. They said to definitely dry-clean comforters. But I've never noticed an increase in the loss of feathers from machine washed down jackets.
Diane in Middletown, VA
Check the Outer Shell and Move Gently
Yes you can wash your down filled garments!! The last time I tried to clean a feather/downfilled item, the cleaners refused to take it. Apparently they had "cleaned" a down comforter that opened up in their equipment and it cost them a fortune to get it all repaired and cleaned out. Since fowl live out side and they get wet, I figured feathers HAD to be washable.
First thing is to check to make sure shell material is washable--this is critical. Then, take fabric (preferably white) with a very tight weave and make into a bag about twice the size of the garment. Stitch with a very fine stitch and good strong thread. Put your garment in the bag and stitch closed with a small stitch. (the purpose of this is incase the garment should open up in washing you won't have feathers and down everywhere--ask me how I know this!!!!)
Then put in the washer on gentle cycle, do not use detergent, but something like Orvis® soap or Woolite®. Make sure you over fill the tub with water. Agitate for 3-5 minutes, then rinse through the rinse cycle 2 or 3 times. When you spin, make sure your washer spins it as fast as possible. Then I shake out and hang for a couple hours (still in sewn bag) and then do another load of laundry with sneakers. Then put the sneakers and the bag in the dryer on low heat. You need the sneakers to "beat" the down and feathers as they dry. Depending on the size, and amount of feathers, it may take longer to dry than normal garments. If you have no humidity you could air dry almost completely before the dryer is used, then use low heat and then air dry. It is critical that you have the sneakers to fluff up the down.
Then cut open the bag and take out your garment and VOILA its like new. I use this method for all the bed pillows, they do take longer to dry, but come back just like brand new!!
Linda in Orlando, Florida
Always read the label first! Basically, down can be washed, but fabric, embellishments, etc. need to be considered. Assuming that everything points toward a washable garment, small quilt, etc., proceed as follows: Down garments can be hand or machine washed on the delicate cycle. Use warm water and a mild soap which must be completely dissolved before adding to the water. Both methods require that the air is hand squeezed out of the item; handle it gently, no wringing or twisting. Support the garment when removing it from the water to protect seams and prevent the down from being forced through the fabric.
Dry the down garment in the dryer at about 150 degrees Fahrenheit (66 degrees Celsius). Add a few bath towels (clean ones!) to absorb some of the moisture and a pair of CLEAN sneakers to break up the clumps of down. It will take several cycles to dry the garment completely which is important as down can easily get moldy. Down can also be dried outdoors. Drape it over several lines to support the weight or clip a large towel to the first and last clothes line on which you can then lay the garment. Fluff it up periodically to speed drying. Clumps of down may have to be separated by hand-pulling, but not until somewhat dry. Do not use force!
If a down pod works its way through the fabric, pull it back in by grasping it from the back. As Anna W. stated, down garments can be dry cleaned with a petroleum-based solvent (Stoddard's Solution), however, they should never be dry cleaned in the "do-it-yourself" machines.
This whole procedure looks like a time-consuming job, but consider, that with proper care it will not have to be done too often. When one is done with, for instance, wearing a jacket, it should be hung to air it out. The moisture and/or perspiration must be dried. This will also eliminate body odor.
Down is a natural material and, for seasonal storage, after washing and drying should be stored loosely in a dry, cool, dark place under paper cover. Do not put it into a plastic bag. Good Luck,
As someone who owns three down-filled comforters, I understand trying to avoid the cost of dry-cleaning. After my muddy dog ran all over one of my down-filled comforters, I called the Down Company (where I purchased the quilt). They told me you can wash (with Woolite®) a down comforter in a front-loading washing machine on the gentle cycle. Top loader's agitators will break the quill of the feather. Then air dry in a drying machine; DO not use heat or you will scorch the feathers. I've done this several times with each of my comforters; aside from being clean, it hasn't affected them.
Reviewed January 2018
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